Naumov Roman Valer'evich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University
(40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia) , email@example.com
Kuz'min Anton Alekseevich, Candidate of biological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of biotechnology and environmental safety, Penza State Technological University
(1a/11 Baydukova lane/Gagarina street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Titov Sergey Vital'evich, Doctor of biological sciences, professor, sub-department of zoology and ecology,
Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. Study of Bobak Marmot populations state is an important environmental and scientific problem as it is a landscape-forming species of steppe ecosystems and actively supports it. Objective of this study is to research Bobak Marmot’s present-day distribution, it’s populations state and ecological features on the territory of Samara Region.
Materials and methods. Field data on Bobak marmot’s distribution in Samara Region was collected in 2010–2012 by route-area-method of families’ accounting. During the accounting of family range the researchers used proper topographic and micro relief apartness. Accounting was performed with photo- and video equipment, navigation equipment and cartographical materials to fix study results. To clarify Bobak marmot’s present-day distribution in Samara Region different sources were used (literature sources, materials of hunting inspections for bag quota definition and other departmental information).
Results and conclusions. 107 habitats of 12 subjects of Samara Region suitable for marmots were studied. As a result 88 marmot’s colonies were found. In 19 points of research marmots weren’t found. Total number of the accounted family ranges is 2026, with total evaluative number of individuals of about 7806. Population density in colonies is high – about 43,6 individuals per km2. However with recalculation taking into account the area of habitats suitable for marmots it displays the decrease to 1,88 individuals per km2.
1. Bibikov D. I., Dezhkin A. V., Rumyantsev V. Yu. Byull. MOIP. Otd. biol. [Bulletin of the Imperial Society of Naturalists of Moscow. Biological section]. 1990, vol. 95, iss. 1, pp. 15–30.
2. Bibikov D. I. Surki [Marmots]. Moscow: Agropromizdat,1989, 255 p.
3. Mashkin V. I. Evropeyskiy baybak: ekologiya, sokhranenie i ispol'zovanie [European bobacs: ecology, preservation and usage]. Kirov: VNIOZ, 1997, 160 p.
4. Vinogradov A. V. Ekologicheskoe kraevedenie Samarskogo regiona: ucheb. posobie [Ecological regional ethnography of Samara region: tutorial]. Samara, 2006, 300 p.
5. Kolesnikov V. V. Resursy i upravlenie populyatsiyami stepnogo (Marmota bobak), serogo (M. baibacina) i mongol'skogo (M. sibirica) surkov: avtoref. dis. d-ra biol. nauk [Resources and population control of steppe (Marmota bobak), grey (M. baibacina) and Mongolian (M. sibirica) marmots: author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the doctor of biological sciences]. Kirov: VNIIOKhZ, 2011, 43 p.